Political satire a tool to raise awareness, says Sabayton

Social satirist Jun Sabayton viewed political satire not as a mere form of entertainment but rather as a tool to raise the Filipinos’ awareness of the country’s issues.

Kasi ‘pag masyadong seryoso, hindi gaano kumakagat sa isip ng masa. Naglalagay kami ng mga ‘pautot,’ kaya ito nagiging nakakatawa, pero ang importante, may tumatatak sayo tungkol sa issue,” Sabayton said. “Nag-eeducate kami gamit ang political satire. Nagpapatawa kami para din madaling maintindihan [ang mga ito] ng masang Pilipino.”

Sabayton says it is a combination of slapstick comedy and advocacy that aims to let the people face the social realities in our country. However, the Tv5 personality explains political satires do not guarantee change in our society.

“Kahit papaano, mas gumagaan ang buhay kapag tumatawa tayo, Hindi ako nag e-expect na babaguhin ng political satire ang lipunan natin. Gusto lang namin na sana makita ng tao ang mapait na katotohanan.” said Sabayton.

In addition, political satires in any way, he claimed, can either make or break the people involved.

Sabayton reminds the people that media ethics should always be observed. He said people should always limit their jokes in order not to offend other people, race, or religion.

Pinoy culture

Political satires are however not new to Philippine culture. The director and Tv5 personality said comedy and sarcasm have always been natural to Filipinos.

Nasa dugo natin ang sarcasm at comedy. Natural tayong magaling mang-insulto. Hindi natin matatanggal sa dugo natin ‘yan. Kaya ka lang naman nang-aasar dahil may gusto kang patunayan.” he said.

Sabayton adds political satires could also trigger the nationalism and patriotism of the Filipinos, noting that Jose Rizal and Marcelo H. Del Pilar used satires to uncover and reveal the social realities happening in the country before.

“Isa pa, kaya lang naman ang tao ay mahilig mambiro at nagiging mapang-asar dahil may gusto silang i-uphold na standards at dahil may pinaglalaban sila,” Sabayton said.

Freedom of expression

Sabyton admits he notices the growing popularity of political satires. He said that the reason behind it is the youth and the social media.

“Dumadami ang nakakapansin sa mga ‘pautot’ namin dahil sa mga kabataan at sa hilig nilang gumamit ng Facebook at Twitter,” Sabayton said. “Pero natutuwa kami nila Lourd, Ramon at RA. Ibig sabihin lang noon, hindi pa tayo ninanakawan nang karapatan nating magsalita at mambara.”

Furthermore, Sabayton sees Filipinos are still fortunate to live in a country where free speech exists.

“Kahit papaano may exercise of free speech at may exercise of democracy. Kahit papaano nabubuhay pa rin tayo sa malayang lipunan,” he said. “Dapat nating alalahanin [na] ito parin ang number one nating sandata. Maling pumatay ng tao, [kaya] mang-asar nalang tayo.”

While free speech is still welcome in our country, Sabayton encourages the people to speak up. He says the youth should not feel fear when speaking up for the truth. “Huwag kayong matakot pero hinay-hinay rin. May karapatan tayong magsalita, pero wala tayong karapatang maging bastos.”

‘Para kay Juan’

Meanwhile, Sabayton said political satires are for the Filipino people. He describes it as an advocacy that affects the people from both the upper and lower classes.

“Itong mga ginagawa naming ito, para sa kapwa nating Pilipino. Mayaman, mahirap, bata, matanda, kurakot, bayani, artista o magbabalot, para ito kay Juan,” he added.

Sabayton said their concept of political satire eyes the involvement of the masses. “Hindi bobo ang tao. Ang mga tambay, naiintindihan nila ang mga sinasabi natin…kaunting push lang naman ang kailangan sa kanila,” he said.

He then assured that the people will be seeing more of “Bayaw” even after the national elections.

Bayaw criticized

Amid the criticisms, Sabayton said he will continue bashing dishonest and corrupt politicians.

“Normal na may naaasar at napipikon pero wala kaming babaguhin sa ginagawa namin. Lalong hindi kami titigil. Bayaw is Bayaw,” he said.

Confident, he said he was already expecting the criticisms. He explained that they did not put up “B.A.Y.A.W.” to please the people but to educate them. Should he feel nervous, Sabayton answers, “Hindi nga natakot si Rizal.”

On student apathy

Sabayton called out the generational claim of student apathy as unquestionable. He said people see students as apathetic individuals because of the different generations the people came from.

“Hindi na ako magtataka na iniisip ng ibang tao na walang pakialam ang mga bata sa mga nangyayari sa Pilipinas. Iba na kasi ang hilig nila at iba rin kung paano nila tinitignan ang mga bagay bagay,” Sabayton said.

While claiming the existence of student apathy, he believes that the youth is not completely apathetic. If so, the youth would not have reactions about his shows. “Kung wala pakealam ang mga kabataan, bakit sila ang isa sa mga malakas makapag-react sa mga palabas namin? Sila ang may maraming comment, minsan mababaw pero alam mong may pakialam sila”

Likewise, he says that the youth, in number, are their largest viewers and supporters.

Sabayton believes the involvement of the youth to political satires help eradicate student apathy. He says if they participate and continues to react to it, the image of being apathetic individuals may slowly disappear.

“Hindi kailangang maging aktibista ang mga kabataan para patunayan na sila ay may partisipasyon sa mga nangyayari sa ating lipunan. Sa patuloy nilang pagabang at pagreact sa mga political satires, imposibleng maging mangmang pa sila sa issues ng bayan,” he added.

Politics in 2022

Should Sabayton run for the national elections next 2022, he clarified that he will not. He said being ‘Bayaw’ is enough, and he does not see any interest in entering politics.

“Magulo ang buhay politika. Hindi ko naman hinangad seryosohin ang pagtakbo. Ang gusto ko lang ay maging parte sa isang adbokasiyang nagpapakita ng katotohanan,” he said.

Sabayton also called himself an artist that is openly expressing himself through his advocacies and humour.

He adds that if he then decides to run, he will not be like ‘Bayaw’ or any other political candidate that they imitated in their segments. K KRYSTAL GALYE DIGAY

Words at play

When good conversations boil up, there are a few words and phrases that we use that is often understood by us (the family) alone. Some of them are just made-up words or, Ilocano phrases (because Ilocano is our first language) that eventually becomes our expression. Eventually, they became part of our conversations.

Some of the expressions that we use are inspired by a certain person or something that he did. An example of it is “daddy stories”. Our dad would tell stories but when he notices that no one is interested or, if everyone is too interested in it, he would make something up and add it to the real story. The story then becomes false. Now, we use “daddy stories” when we describe an untruthful story (e.g. “What a daddy story, misleading people about what really happened”).

“Ayuh!” This is an Ilocano expression that we often use. We say this when we are irritated about something or, when are already frustrated. This became special to us because by merely mentioning it, one already knows what the other is feeling.

“Mama old” and “Papa old.” We do not consider both as expressions but, they are how we address our grandparents. We did not want to call them “lolo” or “lola” but we wanted to them to be called “mama” and “papa”. But because every time we address them that way, and our parent are around, everyone gets confused on who is calling who. They came up with an idea of adding “old” to “mama” and “papa”, because they were already old anyway, to avoid confusion.

“Smartmatic.” After the election when the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) first started using the PCOS machines, a few markers that were used were left. The markers had Smartmatic’s name printed on its side. Because my mom works for the COMELEC, we would see her using those markers, and when we would borrow from her those markers, she would say, “Oh ayan, gamitin mo muna itong Smartmatic.” Weirdly enough, after, we did not address markers as “markers” at home anymore. We already call them “Smartmatic” even if it is not from Smartmatic anymore. (e.g. “Paabot naman ng Smartmatic, kahit anong kulay”).

“Daya”. For our family, “daya” means our business establishment or construction supply. “Daya” is the Iloco translation of west, and our construction site is located on the west side of our town. However, our house is located on the east side of our town. Without any reason, we started addressing our construction site as “daya” especially when we are at our house and would talk about our construction site. (e.g. “Nanapan ni daddy’m diay daya” or “Your dad already went to our construction site”).

People are fond of playing with words. Maybe this became an effect of the evolution of language. Without noticing it, we grow to create our own words, phrases or expressions even if not everyone can understand. They turn into codes of our own that we can only appreciate. K KRYSTAL GAYLE DIGAY

Duterte rape comment draws flak

UST profs see comment in different light

A viral footage of presidential bet Rodrigo Duterte’s “sickening” comment about an Australian lay missionary rape victim drew flak from the public and social media.

Different personalities and Duterte’s political rivals openly critized the tough-spoken Mayor. Miriam Defensor-Santiago said he already crossed the line.

Arnel Arevalo, the editor-in-chief of The Flame, the official publication of the Faculty of Arts and Letters, considered Duterte as the “country’s biggest disgrace in the history of Philippine politics.”

“I want to ask him: why such statement? Rape, by all means, should never be taken lightly. If he cannot even tame his own mouth, what makes people believe that he can tame criminals in 3-6 months?” said Arevalo.

Different perspectives

UST Department of History Chairman Dr. Augusto De Viana shed a different light on Duterte’s rape comment.

“We must look at it in a context, its historical point of view for example,” De Viana said.

De Viana said Duterte’s rape remark was not as evil as we thought it was. “What he did was a historical recounting, and there is nothing wrong with that. Para niyang sinabi na ‘ang ganda ganda nang ikinakasal, sana ako nalang yung groom.’”

“On historical recounting, nagiging masama ito [rape comment] kung hanggang ngayon pinagnanasahan paring ni Mayor Digong si Jaquelinne,” said De Viana.

In addition, he described the Filipinos as “over sensitive,” which causes our lack of context and understanding on the things that are happening in the Philippines.

De Viana also shared the possibility that the people who heard “mayor” misunderstood Duterte’s real point.

“Baka yung mga nakinig sa sinabi niya [Duterte], hindi alam na every prison ay may tinatawag na ‘prison mayor’, ang leader ng mga tao sa prisinto…They might have mistaken it because Mayor Digong was also the mayor of Davao back then,” said De Viana

Brand of Justice

On the other hand, De Viana explained Duterte’s claim to have given the Australian rape victim an “instant justice.”

“For Duterte, it is a man for a man. Kaya he wanted the family of the Jaquelinne to be grateful kasi nga patay na lahat ng gumawa ng masama sa kanya noon. Justice is served for the young woman,” said de Viana.

He clarified that the “brand of justice” our society and the Church acknowledges is based from the Australian and European “brand of justice.” He said this brand believes in reform, the ability of person to change despite the gravity of his case.

Duterte as president

Should Duterte win the presidency, Students Welfare and Development Board (SWDB) coordinator Anita Garcia said he should watch his words and actions.

“When we talk about governance, the one who rules must be a scholar gentleman. He must set [an] impeccable example,” added Garcia.

Garcia, who was also the former director of UST Office for Student Affairs believes he has a soft heart despite his “maangas” and “badass” image. She explains that Duterte is only afraid to reveal this because it might weaken his image.

Condemning Digong

Sylwyn Calizo, UST Economics Society President said the statement Duterte made was insensitive and unappropriated. “Mali talaga na gawin niyang kalokohan ang rape pero kung ibabase ko ang kakayahan niya dahil lang sa joke na iyon, hindi naman ata tama.”

Garcia said condemning Duterte for that single incident is unreasonable. She encouraged the people to be “better than their posts in their social media accounts.”

“There is no question about the man’s service. On his way of speaking, there is. He should change because the whole Philippines is not Davao and three to six months is different from 20 years,” she added.

Duterte recently apologized about his rape comment yet insists that he will not apologize for his manner of speaking.

He currently tops the latest presidential survey of Pulse Asia with 32%. K KRYSTAL GAYLE DIGAY

Presidential bets say ‘no’ to contractual labor

All presidential bets said they are against “endo” or “end of contract” which continually increases the rate of joblessness in the country during the 3rd Presidential Debate.

“I am vehemntly against contractualization. It is illegal and unconstitutional, and violates security of tenure. It places him (employee) under the power of somebody who needs only to threaten to replace him,” Sen. Miriam Defensor-Santiago said.

Should he assume presidency, Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte said “endo” will stop for it prevents the Filipinos from acquiring skills and experience to apply for better jobs both in the Philippines and abroad.

Sen. Grace Poe addressed the issue by calling it “unjust.” “Yan ay hindi makatarungan..Di ko papayagan dahil kailangang produktibo, at magiging produktibo lamang sila kung may malasakit ang company sa kanila at gobyernong pinoprotektahan sila.”

She added that people are not machines that can easily be disposed when no longer needed.

“Ang manggagawa dapat pinoprotektahan. Dapat matanggap ang lahat ng benepisyo,” said Vice President Jejomar Binay.

However, despite calling “endo” illegal, Binay claimed the problem is in the implementation of the law.

Meanwhile, Liberal Party Standard Bearer Sec. Mar Roxas said he prioritizes the public’s welfare over big businesses. For him, creating more quality and permanent jobs is more important than ending “endo.”

Offered solutions

Santiago vowed to build more infrastructures and urban transit systems and will focus on farm-to-market roads, irrigation and pumping for agriculture to generate more jobs for the people.

Kung gumawa ka ng trabaho, lalapit ang tao sa iyo,”she said.

Like Santiago, Poe and Binay are also for lowering corporate income taxes. Binay said low salary owners will benefit from the lowered income taxes.

Poe asked businessmen to “take care” of their employees to prevent conflict with the government.

Roxas for his part said he within three months he will pass a law that bans the practice of “endo” in the country.

Kailangan batas ito. Sasarhan ang mga loopholes na ito para magkaroon ng saysay ang mga kautusang ito,” he said.

He said he would add jobs in business outsourcing industries through lowering electricity costs and giving incentives to economic zones and build more infrastructures for the people.

Duterte also offered to pass a law on “endo”. He said will call lawmakers to immediately discuss and pass a law stopping the practice. “As soon as I assume the presidency, contractualization will stop .I will not allow that to happen to people of this country.”

“Endo” or “end of contract” is the process by which businessmen hire employees for less than six months to avoid being covered by the labor code requirement to regularize employment.

The Presidential Town hall debate held in University of Pangasinan, Dagupan City is the last presidential debates before the election. K KRYSTAL GAYLE DIGAY

FOREIGN WORDS, PHRASES AND CLASSICAL REFERENCES

  1. A cappella: without musical accompaniment
  2. A fortiori: argument from a stronger reason
  3. A la (à la): in the manner of
  4. A la carte: with a separate price for each item
  5. A la mode: fashionable
  6. A posteriori: derived by reasoning from observed facts, inductive
  7. A priori: presupposed by experience, deductive
  8. Ab initio: from the beginning
  9. Accoutrement: a piece of clothing or equipment that is used in a particular place or for a particular activity
  10. Achilles heel: weakness
  11. Ad hoc: formed or used for a special purpose
  12. Ad hominem (usage): appalling to feelings rather than intellect
  13. Ad infinitum: to infinity
  14. Ad lib(itum): in accordance with one’s wishes
  15. Ad nauseam: to a sickening degree
  16. Adonis: handsome young man
  17. Aegis: power to protect, control or support something/someone
  18. Affidavit: written report which is signed by a person who promises that the info is true
  19. Aficionado: an ardent devotee: a person employed to encourage people to break the law so they can be arrested
  20. Agent provocateur:
  21. Agitprop: propaganda
  22. Aide memoire: an aid to the memory, especially a mnemonic device
  23. Alfresco: open air; outdoors
  24. Alibi: an excuse for not being somewhere or doing something
  25. Alpha and omega: the beginning and the ending
  26. Ambiance:   mood or feeling of a place
  27. Amok:  in a wild and uncontrollable manner
  28. Amour proper: self-esteem
  29. Anathema: someone/something that is strongly disliked
  30. Ancien regime: a system or mode no longer prevailing
  31. Annus horribilis: a disastrous or unfortunate year
  32. Annus mirabilis: a remarkable or notable year
  33. Ante: amount of money required to start play in a poker game
  34. Ante bellum: existing before a war
  35. Aphrodisiac: something that causes sexual desire
  36. Apropos: seasonably
  37. Attaché: a technical expert on a country’s diplomatic staff at a foreign capital
  38. Au contraire: on the contrary
  39. Au courant: in the course of
  40. Au fait: to be familiar about something
  41. Au naturel: in a natural state
  42. Avant-garde: an artist or group associated with the use of new techniques in their field
  43. Bar mitzvah and bat mitzvah: a ceremony celebrating a Jewish boy’s and girl’s (respectively) 13th birthday when taking the religious duties and responsibilities
  44. Belle vs. beau: very attractive woman; a woman/s male lover/friend
  45. Berserk: one whose actions are recklessly defiant
  46. Bête noire: a person or thing strongly detested or avoided
  47. Blitz: sudden attack/effort to end something
  48. Blitzkrieg: a sudden and overwhelming military attack
  49. Bona fide, bona fides: real or genuine; sincerity
  50. Bourgeois, bourgeoisie: a belonging to the middle class of society
  51. Caesar’s wife: A person who is required to be above suspicion
  52. Canard: a groundless rumor
  53. Capiche, capeesh, capische, etc: understand
  54. Carte blanche: permission to do something in any way you choose to
  55. Casus belli: an event that justifies a war or conflict
  56. Cause célèbre: a widely known controversial case or issue
  57. Caveat: an explanation to prevent misinterpretation
  58. C’est la vie: that’s life; such is life
  59. Ceteris paribus: if all other factors remain unaltered
  60. Comme ci, comme ça: like this, like that.
  61. Confidant vs. confidante: a trusted friend you can talk to about personal and private things : a woman who is a trusted friend
  62. Cordon sanitaire: a protective barrier (as of buffer states) against a potentially aggressive nation or a dangerous influence (as an ideology)
  63. Corpus delicti: the substantial and fundamental fact necessary to prove the commission of a crime
  64. Coup d’état: a sudden attempt by a small group of people to take over the government usually through violence
  65. Coup de foudre: a sudden and amazing action or event
  66. Coup de grace: an action or event that finally ends or destroys something that has been getting weaker or worse
  67. Crème de la crème: the very best
  68. Cri de Coeur: a passionate outcry (as of appeal or protest)
  69. Crise de conscience: crisis of conscience : agonizing period of moral uncertainty
  70. Cui bono: a principle that probable responsibility for an act or event lies with one having something to gain
  71. Cul de sac: a street that is designed to connect to another street only at one end
  72. Cum: used in hyphenated phrases to link nouns that describe a person or thing with two jobs, uses, etc.
  73. Danse macabre: dance of deatha
  74. De facto: in reality : actually
  75. De jure: based on or according to the law
  76. De mortuis nil nisi bonum: of the dead (say) nothing but good
  77. De rigueur: necessary if you want to be fashionable, popular, socially acceptable, etc.
  78. Debacle: a great disaster or complete failure
  79. Déjà vu: the feeling that you have already experienced something that is actually happening for the first time
  80. Demeanor-  a person’s appearance and behavior : the way someone seems to be to other people
  81. Deo volente- God being willing
  82. Delphic- of or relating to ancient Delphi or its oracle
  83. Dictum- a statement or well-known remark that expresses an important idea or rule
  84. Diktat– an order that must be followed
  85. Divorcée, divorcé, divorcee– a divorced person; especially : a woman who is divorced // the ending of a marriage by a legal process
  86. Dolce vita- a life of indolence and self-indulgence
  87. Doppelgänger– someone who looks like someone else
  88. Double entendre– a word or expression that can be understood in two different ways with one way usually referring to sex
  89. Dragon’s teeth- wedge-shaped concrete antitank barriers laid in multiple rows
  90. Dreidel-  a 4-sided toy marked with Hebrew letters and spun like a top in a game of chance
  91. Drivel- to talk in a very foolish or silly way
  92. Du jour– happening or popular at a particular time
  93. g. vs. i.e.-  for example : that is
  94. En masse- as a single group : all together
  95. En route– on or along the way
  96. En vogue, in vogue– something fashionable
  97. Entente cordiale- a friendly agreement or working relationship
  98. Ergo- therefore, hence
  99. Erratum- error; especially; corrigendum
  100. Ersatz– copied from something else and usually not as good as the original
  101. Esprit de corps– feelings of loyalty, enthusiasm, and devotion to a group among people who are members of the group
  102. Et al.-  and others —used to shorten a list of names
  103. Et cetera (etc.)– and others especially of the same kind :  and so forth
  104. Ex officio- because of your job, office, or position
  105. Ex post facto– after the fact
  106. Fabian tactics- To “win like Fabius” or to win by “Fabian tactics” is to wear out an opponent by delay and evasion rather than confrontation, in the style of the ancient Roman general Fabius.
  107. Fait accompli– something that has been done and cannot be changed
  108. Fatwah- a legal pronouncement in Islam
  109. Faux pas– an embarrassing social mistake
  110. Femme fatale- a very attractive woman who causes trouble or unhappiness for the men who become involved with her
  111. Fiancé vs. fiancée– a man engaged to be married : a woman engaged to be married
  112. Floreat- may (he, she, or it) flourish —usually followed by a name
  113. Force majeure– superior or irresistible force
  114. Forte– one’s strong point
  115. Futz vs putz– simpleton : fool, jerk
  116. Gaudeamus- let us then be merry
  117. Gesundheit– used to wish good health to someone who has sneezed
  118. Jist– the substance or essence of a speech or text.
  119. Gordian knot- complicated or difficult problem
  120. Gung-ho– enthusiast
  121. Habeas corpus– order to bring a person to jail
  122. Halcyon days- calm and peaceful days
  123. Hara-kiri– commit suicide
  124. Hippocratic oath- oath taken by physicians where he swears to uphold ethical standards
  125. Hoi polloi- common masses
  126. Honoris causa- for the sake of honor
  127. Ibid vs idem– in the same place vs the same
  128. Imbroglio– extremely confused
  129. Impasse- a situation offering no escape, as a difficulty without solution, a deadlock
  130. Imprimatur- person’s acceptance
  131. In absentia- without being present
  132. In extremis- at the point of death
  133. In memoriam- in memory of
  134. In toto- totally
  135. In vino veritas- in wine there is truth
  136. Incognito- identity is concealed
  137. Inter alia- among other things
  138. Interim- interval of time
  139. Iota- a very small of amount
  140. Ipso facto– by the fact itself
  141. Je ne sais quoi– play of spirit”: a witty, often light-hearted, comment or composition
  142. Kamikaze- extremely reckless person
  143. Kaput– destroyed or incapacitated
  144. Kowtow– to show servile deference
  145. Laissez-faire– a non-interventionist policy
  146. Lingua franca- a language that is used among people who speak various different languages
  147. Magnum opus– the most important work of an artist, writer, etc.
  148. Mandamus- to serve or compel with such wit
  149. Mea culpa– an acknowledgement that something is one’s fault (literally ‘by my fault’)
  150. Memento mori– something kept as a reminder that death is inevitable (literally ‘remember (that you have) to die’)
  151. Mens sana in corpora sano- a way of doing something (literally ‘way of operating’)
  152. Mensch– person of integrity and honor
  153. Midas touch- the ability to make large profit with ease
  154. Milieu– social environment; setting
  155. Modus operandi (m.o, MO)– usual way of doing something
  156. Modus Vivendi- arrangement that helps people
  157. Monibus- a bus
  158. Moratorium– time when a particular activity is not allowed
  159. Muumuu– Hawaiian dress
  160. Nebbish– timid or meek person
  161. Noblese oblige- privilege entails responsibility
  162. Noel or nowel– a Christmas carol
  163. Nom de plume- pseudonym
  164. Non sequitur– a conclusion or statement that does not logically follow from the previous statement (literally ‘it does not follow’)
  165. Nota bene- used to call the attention to something important
  166. Nouveau riche- people who have recently become rich and who display their wealth ostentatiously
  167. Nunchucks– weapon that consists of two hardwood sticks joined in chain
  168. Omerta- conspiracy of silence
  169. Pandora’s box- a source of troubles and problems
  170. Papabile- Roman Catholic man likely to be the pope
  171. Par excellence– better or more than all others of the same kind
  172. Per diem– for each day
  173. Per se– by or in itself or themselves
  174. Persona non grata- a person who is not welcome somewhere
  175. Platonic- of, relating to, or having a close relationship in which there is no romance or sex
  176. Pooh-bah- person holding many position or offices
  177. Prima facie- accepted as so until proved otherwise
  178. Primus inter pares- the senior or representative member of a group
  179. Pro bono- law
  180. Pro forma- something that is done usually but has little meaning
  181. Pro patria- for one’s country
  182. Pros and cons- good and bad
  183. Protégé– student
  184. Proviso– requirement for an agreement to be made
  185. Quasi– as if
  186. Quid pro quo– a favour or advantage given in return for something
  187. Quorum- the minimum number of members of an assembly
  188. RAIP/requiescat in pace- rest in peace
  189. Raison d’être- the most important reason for someone or something’s existence
  190. Realpolitik- politics based on practicality
  191. Repertoire or repertory– a stock of plays, dances, or pieces that a company or a performer knows or is prepared to perform; the whole body of items that are regularly performed
  192. Requiem- act or token of remembrance
  193. Restaurateur- a restaurant owner.
  194. Résumé– account of person’s credentials
  195. Rite de passage- rite of passage
  196. Sang froid– the ability to stay calm in difficult circumstances (literally ‘cold blood’)
  197. Sans– without
  198. Savoir faire– the ability to act appropriately in social situations
  199. Schadenfreude- pleasure derived from other’s misfortune
  200. Schmuck- a name for someone who is foolish
  201. Shtick– a stage routine with a certain gimmick
  202. Sic– thus
  203. Simpatico– likeable
  204. Sine die- (of proceedings) adjourned indefinitely
  205. Sine qua non- a thing that is absolutely essential (literally ‘without which not’)
  206. Skullduggery– secret or behavior
  207. Smorgasbord– varied collection
  208. Socratic- of or relating to Socrates, his followers, or his philosophical method of systematic doubt and questioning of another to elicit a clear expression of a truth supposed to be knowable by all rational beings
  209. Spartan- sternly disciplined and rigorously simple
  210. Sphinx- a creature with the body of a lion and the head of a person
  211. Status quo– the state in which
  212. Stet- remain as is
  213. Stoic- a person who accepts what happens without complaining or showing emotion
  214. Sub judice- being considered by a court of law and therefore not to be publicly discussed elsewhere
  215. Sub rosa- happening or done in secret
  216. Subpoena- under penalty
  217. Sui generis– unique
  218. Summa cum laude or magna cum laude– great honors
  219. Tabula rasa– blank slate
  220. Take the mickey out of someone– to tease someone lightheartedly
  221. Terra firma– solid land
  222. Tete-a-tete– “head to head”; an intimate get-together or private conversation between two people
  223. Toilette– he process of dressing or grooming.
  224. Touché or touché– “head to head”; an intimate get-together/private conversation between two people
  225. Tour de force– “feat of strength”: a masterly or brilliant stroke, creation, effect, or accomplishment
  226. Triumvirate- a group of three people who share a position of authority or power
  227. Troika– a group of three
  228. Trojan- a person who was born or who lived in the ancient city of Troy
  229. Trojan horse- person or thing used secretly to undermine a downfall of someone or something
  230. Uber– super
  231. Ultra vires- beyond the powers
  232. Vamoose– to depart
  233. Verbatim- in exactly the same words that has been said
  234. Verklempt– in reverse order from where it started
  235. Vice versa– in reverse order from where it started
  236. Vis-a-visFrench in relation to; as compared with
  237. Viva voce- by word of mouth
  238. – videlicet
  239. Voilà– look there
  240. Vox populi– public opinion
  241. Whirling dervish– to call something that is wild or frenzied
  242. Wunderkind– wonder child, prodigy
  243. Zeitgeist– the characteristic spirit or mood of a particular historical period

Learning Circumlocutions

CIRCUMLOCUTION

  • a form of writing where the writer uses long and complex sentences in order to convey a meaning
  • stating an idea in an indirect manner wherein the writer delivers his message through lengthy sentences
  • Merriam-Webster Dictionary meaning:
    • the use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an idea
    • evasion in speech

 

  1. afford an opportunity – “allow,” “let”
  2. as a means of – “to”
  3. on occasion of – “when”
  4. destroyed by fire – “burned”
  5. adequate number of – “enough”
  6. ahead of schedule – “early”
  7. has the ability to – “can”
  8. it is possible that – “may”
  9. there is a chance that – “might”
  10. for the reason that – “why”
  11. in regard to – “concerning,” “on”
  12. that which is against law – “illegal”
  13. which happens once a year – “annual”
  14. general pardon – “amnesty”
  15. liable to be called to account – “accountable”
  16. in the near future – “shortly,” “soon”
  17. notwithstanding the fact that – “although”
  18. in a timely fashion – “quickly”
  19. on the grounds that – “because”
  20. by means of – “by,” “using,” “with”
  21. 3 hours after sunset – “at 8pm”
  22. in the amount of – “for”
  23. pertaining to – “about”
  24. the possibility exists for – “could”
  25. qualifies for election – “eligible”
  26. is able to – “can”
  27. it is necessary that – “should”
  28. no later than June 1 – “by June 1”
  29. in advance of – “before”
  30. vast majority
  31. added bonus
  32. under circumstances which – “when”
  33. it is crucial that – “must”
  34. passed on to greener pastures – “died”
  35. in view of the fact that – “because”
  36. selected response – “multiple choice”
  37. at this point in time – “now”
  38. brief constructed response – “paragraph”
  39. during the period of – “during”
  40. the guardians of law – “police”
  41. pillars of justice – “judge”
  42. temples of learning – “schools,” “colleges”
  43. has a requirement for – “needs”
  44. in light of the fact – “because”
  45. provides guidance for – “guides”
  46. in reference to – “about”
  47. in the event of – “if”
  48. until such time as – “until”
  49. in a timely manner – “promptly” or “quickly”
  50. in accordance with – “by”, “following”, “per,” or “under”
  51. text-to-text connections – “comparison of two books”
  52. with the exception of–“except”
  53. as well as – “also,” “and”
  54. despite the fact that – “although,” “despite,” even though
  55. draw to your attention – “point out,” “remind you of,” “show”
  56. comply with – “follow,” “obey”
  57. with a view to – “to”
  58. use up – “use”
  59. to a large degree – “largely”
  60. take into consideration – “consider”
  61. take action – “act”
  62. short supply – “scarce”
  63. relating to – “on”
  64. with regard to – “about,” “for”
  65. some of the – “some”
  66. spell out – “describe,” detail,” “explain”
  67. on most occasions – “usually”
  68. in this day and age – “nowadays,” “today”
  69. make an application – “apply”
  70. made a statement – “said”
  71. located in, located on – “in,” “on,” “found”
  72. in the possession of – “has,” “have”
  73. in order to – “to”
  74. in terms of – “about,” “at,” “by,” “for,” “in,” “with”
  75. in most cases, in most instances – “mostly”
  76. it is probable that – “probably”
  77. on behalf of – “backed,” “for,” “supported”
  78. prior to – “before,” “ahead of
  79. refer to as – “call,” “name,” “term”
  80. subsequent, subsequent to – “after”
  81. sufficient number of – “enough”
  82. whether or not – “whether”
  83. with a view to – “to”
  84. was of the opinion that – “believed,” “said,” “thought”
  85. to whatever extent- “however”
  86. time frame – “age,” “era”
  87. result in – “lead to”
  88. under the provisions of – “by,” “under”
  89. with reference to – “about,” “for,” “on (or leave out)”
  90. has no – “lacks”
  91. for the sum of – “for”
  92. give and take – “compromise,” “concession,” “discussion,” “exchange”
  93. give an indication of – “hint,” “show,” “signal,” “suggest”
  94. effect many changes – “change”
  95. except when – “unless”
  96. excessive number of – “too many”
  97. adjacent to –“beside,” “near”
  98. extend an invitation – “invite”
  99. in addition to – “also,” “as well as,” “besides,” “beyond”
  100. in advance of – “before,” “by (or be specific)”

Popular Catchphrases

Here are popular catchphrases and their meanings:

  1. As every schoolboy knows – used before you mention a fact that is familiar to everyone
  2. To put on a back burner – [ofsomething] on hold or suspended temporarily; not being done now, but left to be considered in the future
  3. Back to square one – to go back to the beginning
  4. Ballpark figure – anestimate; an off-the-cuff guess; A rough numerical approximation
  5. To laugh all the way to the bank- to be very happy about money that has been earned by doing something that otherpeople might think is unfair or that they criticized; To be amused and gratified by a victory where a defeat was predicted
  6. Beer and sandwiches – a euphemism for hard-ball policy discussions
  7. As the bishop said to the actress- an informal (and usually vulgar) exclamation, said for humour in the form of a punch line after an inadvertent double entendre
  8. Blood, sweat and tears – Hard work and effort in difficult circumstances
  9. Bone to pick – Groundsfor a complaint or dispute
  10. The buck stops here – Responsibility is not passed on beyond this point
  11. To bite the bullet – to decide to do something difficult or unpleasant that one has been putting off or hesitating over; to accept something difficult and try to live with it
  12. Catch-22 situation – A paradox in which the attempt to escape makes escape impossible
  13. Cut your coat according to your cloth – undertake only what you have the money or ability to do and no more
  14. Cock-and-bull story – a ridiculous and implausible story
  15. Corridors of power – the highest level of government where the most important decisions are made
  16. Between the devil and the deep blue sea – In difficulty, faced with two dangerous alternatives
  17. Dog days of summer – hot period of summer
  18. Bite the dust – Fall to the ground, wounded or dead
  19. Feather on one’s cap – an achievement that you can be proud of
  20. Take a French leave – a period when you are absent from work without asking for permission
  21. Jump out of the frying pan into the fire – to go from a bad situation to an even worse one
  22. Iron lady – a nickname often used to describe female heads of government around the world, meaning ‘strong-willed woman’
  23. Land of Nod – to be sleeping
  24. Mother of all battles – the biggest war there that will ensue
  25. Not worth a tinker’s damn – the least value or merit; nothing or anything at all
  26. Oil on troubled waters – to do or say something in order to make people stop arguing and become calmer
  27. As old as Methuselah – used to state that someone is very old
  28. Old-boy network – an informal system of support and friendship through which men use their positions of influence to help others who went to the same school or college as they did or who share a similar social background.
  29. Over a barrel – in a helpless position; at someone’s mercy
  30. Take a rain check – said when politely refusing an offer, with the implication that one may accept it a later date.
  31. See through rose-tinted spectacles – seeing things better than they really are
  32. Cross the Rubicon – to pass a point of no return
  33. Rule of thumb – a broadly accurate guide or principle, based on experience or practice rather than theory
  34. With a pinch of salt – to listen to an explanation with considerable doubt.
  35. Send in the clowns – to distract someone from a sad mood
  36. Serious money ­– lots of paper money
  37. Skeleton in the closet – secrets
  38. Cast the first stone – to make the first criticism; to be the first to attack
  39. Talk turkey – to speak plainly, get to the point
  40. Teddy-bear syndrome – Getting into a relationship simply because of the fear of being alone and need the constant presence of a comforter
  41. By the skin of one’s teeth – a situation from which one barely managed to escape
  42. As thick as thieves – very close; share secrets
  43. Turn the tables – reverse one’s position relative to someone else; turning a position of disadvantage into one of advantage
  44. Where’s the beef? – a certain thing is lacking main substance
  45. White man’s burden – the alleged duty of white colonizers to care for nonwhite indigenous subjects in their colonial possessions
  46. On a wing and a prayer – with only the slightest chance to success
  47. Writing on the wall – something very bad is about to happen
  48. Wrong side of the tracks – part of a town that is considered poor and or dangerous
  49. The first seven years are the hardest – after seven years in a marriage or relationship there is a decline in the desire
  50. You’ve never had it so good – the best there is

 

Media as election watchdogs

The national election is one of the most important and sought after event in our country. It is the time when everyone gets involved and everyone has a say on something. Our country’s history is known for its controversial past—from Martial law up to the impeachment trials and numerous graft and corruption cases of politicians. The people have been scarred by the events that happened in the past that is why during elections, everyone does not just exercise their rights to vote but, they also want to know everything to avoid the mistakes of the past from happening once more.

This 2016 election, the media, since the registration of voters, acted as the public’s ears and eyes. It has established a reputation as the “election watchdogs.” As the May 09 draws nearer each day, the media maintained its consistency of reporting to the public every move these political aspirants make.

In terms of media coverage on the campaign trails of candidates, the media remained consistent. Since day one of the campaign period, they managed to update the people on the whereabouts of these political candidates. Their use of social media platforms like Twitter and Facebook enabled the people to have easier up to date reports of their campaigns.

In terms of media coverage on debates, the media brought the candidates closer to the people. On the last presidential debate, the crowdsourcing of problems allowed the people to voice out themselves the issues our country is now facing. This gave the people a feel that they are not just a part of the election, but also the nation. Inviting political analysts, sociologist and other experts to talk before and after the live show of the debates to assess each candidate became very useful to the people. These commentaries allowed the people to have a clearer understanding of what is happening. Livestream provided by the media widened the reach of people.

In terms of media coverage on issues concerning candidates, the media was able to update the people about these issues. Although some newspapers have been biased and are strong and obvious in promoting politicians, others maintained on bringing objective news reports to the people. There is continuity in their stories which keeps the people updated.

In terms of media coverage on surveys, the media again showed continuity in reporting the surveys. It although concerns me about the implications the survey brings to the people. Surveys are given much emphasis that people tend to take it too seriously. It has driven out different meanings that people tend to outlook the use of surveys.

The media has emphasized its importance and relevance this election. It did not just keep the people up to date on what is happening all around the election period but, it also encouraged the people to actively participate as well. They also never fail to remind the people’s right to vote, which I believe is an important role of the media during this election. K KRYSTAL GAYLE DIGAY

300 Smart Words People should know

Here are 300 Smart Words that People should know:

  1. Abate – cause to become smaller or lessen intensity or widespread
  2. Aberrant – Deviating from what is considered proper, normal or typical
  3. Abeyance – temporary inactivity, cessation, or suspension
  4. Abscond – to depart in a sudden and secret manner, especially to avoid capture and legal prosecution
  5. Abstemious – not self-indulgent, especially when eating and drinking
  6. Admonish – warn or reprimand someone firmly
  7. Adulterate – render something poorer in quality by adding another substance, typically an inferior one
  8. Aesthetic – concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty
  9. Aggregate – a whole formed by combining several (typically disparate) elements
  10. Alacrity – brisk and cheerful readiness
  11. Alleviate – make less severe
  12. Amalgamate – combine or unite to form one organization or structure
  13. Ambiguous – unclear or inexact
  14. Ambivalence – the state of having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone
  15. Ameliorate – make better
  16. Anachronism – a thing that is conspicuously old-fashioned
  17. Analogous – comparable in certain respects
  18. Anomalous – deviating from what is standard, normal, or expected
  19. Antipathy – a deep-seated feeling of dislike
  20. Apathy – lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern
  21. Appease – pacify or relieve or prevent from happening
  22. Apprise – inform or tell someone
  23. Approbation – approval or praise
  24. Appropriate – suitable or proper in the circumstances (noun); designate (verb)
  25. Arduous – requiring much effort
  26. Artless – without guile or deception or effort
  27. Ascetic – a person who practices severe self-discipline and abstention.
  28. Assiduous – showing great care and perseverance
  29. Assuage – make an unpleasant feeling less intense
  30. Attenuate – reduce the force, effect, or value of
  31. Audacious – showing a willingness to take surprisingly bold risks
  32. Austere – severe or strict in manner
  33. Autonomous – acting independently
  34. Aver – state or assert to be the case
  35. Banal – so lacking in originality as to be obvious and boring
  36. Belie – fail to give a true notion or impression of
  37. Beneficent – generous or doing good
  38. Bolster – support or strengthen
  39. Bombastic – high-sounding but with little meaning
  40. Boorish – rough and bad-mannered
  41. Burgeon – begin to grow or increase rapidly
  42. Burnish – polish by rubbing
  43. Buttress – increase the strength of or justification for
  44. Cacophonous – involving or producing a harsh
  45. Capricious – given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behavior
  46. Castigation – reprimand (someone) severely
  47. Catalyst – a person or thing that precipitates an event
  48. Caustic – sarcastic in a scathing and bitter way
  49. Chicanery – the use of trickery to achieve a political, financial, or legal purpose
  50. Coagulate – change to a solid or semisolid state
  51. Coda-the concluding passage of a piece or movement, typically forming an addition to the basic structure.
  52. Cogent- (of an argument or case) clear, logical, and convincing.
  53. Commensurate- corresponding in size or degree; in proportion
  54. Compendium- a collection of concise but detailed information about a particular subject, especially in a book or other publication.
  55. Complaisant- willing to please others; obliging; agreeable
  56. Compliant- inclined to agree with others or obey rules, especially to an excessive degree
  57. Conciliatory- intended or likely to placate or pacify
  58. Condone- accept and allow (behavior that is considered morally wrong or offensive) to continue
  59. Confound-cause surprise or confusion in (someone), especially by acting against their expectations
  60. Connoisseur- an expert judge in matters of taste
  61. Cumbersome- large or heavy and therefore difficult to carry or use; unwieldy
  62. Debilitate- make (someone) weak and infirm
  63. Decorum- behavior in keeping with good taste and propriety
  64. Deduce- arrive at (a fact or a conclusion) by reasoning; draw as a logical conclusion
  65. Déjà vu- a feeling of having already experienced the present situation
  66. Deify- worship, regard, or treat (someone or something) as a god
  67. Delectable- (of food or drink) delicious
  68. Demure- (of a woman or her behavior) reserved, modest, and shy
  69. Deplorable- deserving strong condemnation
  70. Dialectic- the art of investigating or discussing the truth of opinions.
  71. Dichotomy- a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different
  72. Eclectic- deriving ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources
  73. Eccentric – (of a person or their behavior) unconventional and slightly strange
  74. Elicit- evoke or draw out (a response, answer, or fact) from someone in reaction to one’s own actions or questions
  75. Elusive- difficult to find, catch, or achieve
  76. Emanate- (of something abstract but perceptible) issue or spread out from (a source)
  77. Enigmatic- difficult to interpret or understand; mysterious
  78. En masse- in a group; all together
  79. Endemic- (of a disease or condition) regularly found among particular people or in a certain area
  80. Eradicate- destroy completely; put an end to
  81. Evasive- tending to avoid commitment or self-revelation, especially by responding only indirectly
  82. Faux Pas- an embarrassing or tactless act or remark in a social situation.
  83. Fiasco- a thing that is a complete failure, especially in a ludicrous or humiliating way
  84. Futility- pointlessness or uselessness
  85. Fortuitous- happening by accident or chance rather than design
  86. Formidable- inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable
  87. Fractious- (typically of children) irritable and quarrelsome
  88. Funereal- having the mournful, somber character appropriate to a funeral
  89. Fledging- (of a young bird) develop wing feathers that are large enough for flight.
  90. Fidelity- faithfulness to a person, cause, or belief, demonstrated by continuing loyalty and support
  91. Flippant- not showing a serious or respectful attitude
  92. Galvanize- shock or excite (someone), typically into taking action
  93. Gamut- the complete range or scope of something
  94. Gargantuan- enormous
  95. Globular- globe-shaped; spherical.
  96. Gormandize- indulge in good eating; eat greedily.
  97. Grandeur- splendor and impressiveness, especially of appearance or style
  98. Gradation- a scale or a series of successive changes, stages, or degrees
  99. Gregarious- (of a person) fond of company; sociable
  100. Gratuitous- uncalled for; lacking good reason; unwarranted
  101. Halcyon- denoting a period of time in the past that was idyllically happy and peaceful
  102. Haphazard- lacking any obvious principle of organization
  103. Hapless- (especially of a person) unfortunate
  104. Herculean- requiring great strength or effort
  105. Hiatus- a pause or gap in a sequence, series, or process
  106. Ignoble- not honorable in character or purpose
  107. Ignominious- deserving or causing public disgrace or shame
  108. Illicit- forbidden by law, rules, or custom
  109. Impasse- a situation in which no progress is possible, especially because of disagreement; a deadlock
  110. Impertinent- not showing proper respect; rude
  111. Jocular- fond of or characterized by joking; humorous or playful
  112. Jettison- throw or drop (something) from an aircraft or ship
  113. Jejune- naive, simplistic, and superficial
  114. Juxtapose- place or deal with close together for contrasting effect
  115. Jingoistic- extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy
  116. Kibosh- put an end to; dispose of decisively
  117. Kinetic- of, relating to, or resulting from motion
  118. Kudos- praise and honor received for an achievement.
  119. Keynote- a prevailing tone or central theme, typically one set or introduced at the start of a conference
  120. Kinesiology- the study of the mechanics of body movements.
  121. Laconic- (of a person, speech, or style of writing) using very few words
  122. Laggard- a person who makes slow progress and falls behind others
  123. Lascivious- (of a person, manner, or gesture) feeling or revealing an overt and often offensive sexual desire
  124. Latent- (of a quality or state) existing but not yet developed or manifest; hidden; concealed
  125. Lethargic- affected by lethargy; sluggish and apathetic
  126. Levity- humor or frivolity, especially the treatment of a serious matter with humor or in a manner lacking due respect
  127. Liaison- communication or cooperation that facilitates a close working relationship between people or organizations
  128. Loquacious- tending to talk a great deal; talkative.
  129. Ludicrous- so foolish, unreasonable, or out of place as to be amusing; ridiculous
  130. Lucid- expressed clearly; easy to understand
  131. Malignant- (of a disease) very virulent or infectious.
  132. Maniacal- a person exhibiting extreme symptoms of wild behavior, especially when violent and dangerous
  133. Masticate- chew (food).
  134. Maverick- an unorthodox or independent-minded person
  135. Mawkish- sentimental in a feeble or sickly way
  136. Megalomania- obsession with the exercise of power, especially in the domination of others.
  137. Mendacious- not telling the truth; lying
  138. Mesmerize- hold the attention of (someone) to the exclusion of all else or so as to transfix them
  139. Misconstrue- interpret (something, especially a person’s words or actions) wrongly
  140. Mnemonic- a device such as a pattern of letters, ideas, or associations that assists in remembering something.
  141. Narcissistic- having an excessive or erotic interest in oneself and one’s physical appearance
  142. Narcolepsy- a condition characterized by an extreme tendency to fall asleep whenever in relaxing surroundings.
  143. Nascent- (especially of a process or organization) just coming into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential
  144. Nefarious- (typically of an action or activity) wicked or criminal
  145. Ne plus ultra- the perfect or most extreme example of its kind; the ultimate
  146. Noblesse Oblige- the nobility.
  147. Nocturnal- done, occurring, or active at night
  148. Nom de guerre- an assumed name under which a person engages in combat or some other activity or enterprise.
  149. Nonchalance- the state of being nonchalant
  150. Non sequitur- a conclusion or statement that does not logically follow from the previous argument or statement.
  151. Oblivious- not aware of or not concerned about what is happening around one
  152. Obsequious- obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree
  153. Obsolete- no longer produced or used; out of date
  154. Onus- used to refer to something that is one’s duty or responsibility
  155. Optimal- best or most favorable; optimum
  156. Opus- any artistic work, especially one on a large scale
  157. Onerous- (of a task, duty, or responsibility) involving an amount of effort and difficulty that is oppressively burdensome
  158. Ostensibly- apparently or purportedly, but perhaps not actually
  159. Ostracize- exclude (someone) from a society or group
  160. Onomatopoeia- the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named
  161. Pacify- quell the anger, agitation, or excitement of
  162. Pandemic- (of a disease) prevalent over a whole country or the world.
  163. Paradigm- a typical example or pattern of something; a model
  164. Paragon- a person or thing regarded as a perfect example of a particular quality
  165. Paroxysm- a sudden attack or violent expression of a particular emotion or activity
  166. Paucity- the presence of something only in small or insufficient quantities or amounts; scarcity
  167. Peccadillo- a small, relatively unimportant offense or sin.
  168. Pedantic- of or like a pedant
  169. Penultimate- last but one in a series of things; second to the last
  170. Perennial- lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring
  171. Perpetuate- make (something, typically an undesirable situation or an unfounded belief) continue indefinitely
  172. Peruse- read (something), typically in a thorough or careful way
  173. Pervasive- (especially of an unwelcome influence or physical effect) spreading widely throughout an area or a group of people
  174. Picayune- petty; worthless
  175. Pinnacle- the most successful point; the culmination
  176. Placid- (of a person or animal) not easily upset or excited
  177. Platonic- (of love or friendship) intimate and affectionate but not sexual
  178. Plethora- a large or excessive amount of (something)
  179. Polarize- divide or cause to divide into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs
  180. Polemics- a strong verbal or written attack on someone or something
  181. Portend- be a sign or warning that (something, especially something momentous or calamitous) is likely to happen
  182. Posit- assume as a fact; put forward as a basis of argument
  183. Potable safe to drink; drinkable
  184. Pragmatic- dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations
  185. Precarious- not securely held or in position; dangerously likely to fall or collapse
  186. Precedent- an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances
  187. Precocious- (of a child) having developed certain abilities or proclivities at an earlier age than usual
  188. Preemptive- serving or intended to preempt or forestall something, especially to prevent attack by disabling the enemy
  189. Pretense- an attempt to make something that is not the case appear true
  190. Primordial- existing at or from the beginning of time; primeval
  191. Pristine- in its original condition; unspoiled
  192. Prodigal- spending money or resources freely and recklessly; wastefully extravagant
  193. Procrastinate- delay or postpone action; put off doing something
  194. Proliferate- increase rapidly in numbers; multiply
  195. Promiscuity- the fact or state of being promiscuous
  196. Protégé- p a person who is guided and supported by an older and more experienced or influential person
  197. Protocol- the official procedure or system of rules governing affairs of state or diplomatic occasions
  198. Proverbial- (of a word or phrase) referred to in a proverb or idiom
  199. Prudent- acting with or showing care and thought for the future
  200. Pulchritude- beauty
  201. Raconteur- r a person who tells anecdotes in a skillful and amusing way
  202. Raillery- good-humored teasing
  203. Raiment- clothing
  204. Raison d’être- r the most important reason or purpose for someone or something’s existence
  205. Rambunctious- uncontrollably exuberant; boisterous.
  206. Ramification- a consequence of an action or event, especially when complex or unwelcome
  207. Rancor- r bitterness or resentfulness, especially when long-standing
  208. Rapacity- aggressive greed
  209. Rapprochement- (especially in international relations) an establishment or resumption of harmonious relations
  210. Ratiocinate- form judgments by a process of logic
  211. Recalcitrant- having an obstinately uncooperative attitude toward authority or discipline
  212. Recant- say that one no longer holds an opinion or belief, especially one considered heretical
  213. Recapitulate- summarize and state again the main points of
  214. Reciprocity- the practice of exchanging things with others for mutual benefit, especially privileges granted by one country or organization to another.
  215. Recriminate- make counteraccusations
  216. Rectitude- morally correct behavior or thinking; righteousness
  217. Redact- edit (text) for publication.
  218. Redolent- strongly reminiscent or suggestive of (something)
  219. Reflexive- denoting a pronoun that refers back to the subject of the clause in which it is used
  220. Rejoinder- a reply, especially a sharp or witty one
  221. Salacious- treating sexual matters in an indecent way and typically conveying undue interest in or enjoyment of the subject
  222. Salient- most noticeable or important
  223. Salubrious- health-giving; healthy
  224. Sangfroid- composure or coolness, sometimes excessive, as shown in danger or under trying circumstances
  225. Sapient- wise, or attempting to appear wise
  226. Sardonic- grimly mocking or cynical
  227. Sartorial- of or relating to tailoring, clothes, or style of dress
  228. Satiety- the feeling or state of being sated.
  229. Saturnine- slow and gloomy
  230. Satyr- a man who has strong sexual desires.
  231. Savoir faire- the ability to act or speak appropriately in social situations.
  232. Scintilla- a tiny trace or spark of a specified quality or feeling
  233. Scion- a descendant of a notable family
  234. Secular- denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis
  235. Sedentary- tending to spend much time seated; somewhat inactive
  236. Serendipity- the occurrence and development of events by chance in a happy or beneficial way
  237. Sinecure- a position requiring little or no work but giving the holder status or financial benefit.
  238. Sojourn- a temporary stay
  239. Spurious- not being what it purports to be; false or fake
  240. Supercilious- behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others
  241. Tabula Rasa- an absence of preconceived ideas or predetermined goals; a clean slate
  242. Taciturn- (of a person) reserved or uncommunicative in speech; saying little.
  243. Tangential- of, relating to, or along a tangent
  244. Tantamount- equivalent in seriousness to; virtually the same as
  245. Tautology- the saying of the same thing twice in different words, generally considered to be a fault of style
  246. Teleological- the explanation of phenomena by the purpose they serve rather than by postulated causes
  247. Temerity- excessive confidence or boldness; audacity
  248. Temper- a person’s state of mind seen in terms of their being angry or calm
  249. Tempestuous- characterized by strong and turbulent or conflicting emotion
  250. Tenet- a principle or belief, especially one of the main principles of a religion or philosophy
  251. Tendentious- expressing or intending to promote a particular cause or point of view, especially a controversial one
  252. Tenacious- tending to keep a firm hold of something; clinging or adhering closely
  253. Tete-a-tete- a private conversation between two people
  254. Thaumaturge- a worker of wonders and performer of miracles; a magician
  255. Titular- holding or constituting a purely formal position or title without any real authority
  256. Toothsome- temptingly tasty
  257. Tractable- easy to control or influence
  258. Transient- lasting only for a short time; impermanent
  259. Tryst- a private, romantic rendezvous between lovers
  260. Tumid- swollen
  261. Ubiquitous- present, appearing, or found everywhere
  262. Umbrage- offense or annoyance
  263. Unassuming- not pretentious or arrogant; modest
  264. Unbridled- uncontrolled; unconstrained
  265. Unceremonious- having or showing a lack of courtesy; rough or abrupt
  266. Unctuous- excessively or ingratiatingly flattering; oily
  267. Ungainly- awkward; clumsy
  268. Unilateral- performed by or affecting only one person, group, or country involved in a particular situation, without the agreement of another or the others
  269. Unimpeachable- not able to be doubted, questioned, or criticized; entirely trustworthy
  270. Unsavory- disagreeable to taste, smell, or look at.
  271. Vacuous- having or showing a lack of thought or intelligence; mindless
  272. Vagary- an unexpected and inexplicable change in a situation or in someone’s behavior
  273. Vainglorious- inordinate pride in oneself or one’s achievements; excessive vanity.
  274. Vapid- offering nothing that is stimulating or challenging
  275. Vanguard- a group of people leading the way in new developments or ideas
  276. Vehement- showing strong feeling; forceful, passionate, or intense
  277. Venal- showing or motivated by susceptibility to bribery
  278. Venial- denoting a sin that is not regarded as depriving the soul of divine grace. Often contrasted with mortal
  279. Veracity- conformity to facts; accuracy
  280. Verdant- green with grass or other rich vegetation.
  281. Vers libre- another term for free verse
  282. Vignette- a brief evocative description, account, or episode.
  283. Vociferous- (especially of a person or speech) vehement or clamorous
  284. Wanderlust- a strong desire to travel
  285. Wane- (of the moon) have a progressively smaller part of its visible surface illuminated, so that it appears to decrease in size.
  286. Wanton- (of a cruel or violent action) deliberate and unprovoked
  287. Watershed- an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas.
  288. Wayfaring- (of a person) traveling on foot
  289. Weltschmerz- a feeling of melancholy and world-weariness.
  290. Wherewithal- the money or other means needed for a particular purpose
  291. Xanadu- an idealized place of great or idyllic magnificence and beauty
  292. Xenophile- an individual who is attracted to foreign peoples, manners, or cultures.
  293. Yahoo- a rude, noisy, or violent person.
  294. Xenophobic- having or showing an intense or irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries
  295. Yawnful- causing or arousing yawns, especially as the result of boredom, tedium, or the like
  296. Za-zen- meditation in a prescribed, cross-legged posture.
  297. Zeitgeist-the defining spirit or mood of a particular period of history as shown by the ideas and beliefs of the time
  298. Zest- great enthusiasm and energy
  299. Zenith- the highest point reached by a celestial or other object
  300. Yammer- loud and sustained or repetitive noise

Sources: New Oxford American Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Dictionary and Brittanica Dictionary